On this day in 1900, members of a Munich gymnast club broke away to form a football team, one that would become among the biggest in the world.
On February 27 1900, eleven members of Münchner TurnVerein 1879, decided to leave the organisation after a decision was made not to allow the club’s football team to join the German Football Association. The same evening the eleven men formed their own club selecting Franz John as the first president. Fußball-Club Bayern München was born.
The club immediately enjoyed regional success and Munich won their first of 22 national titles in 1932 under Jewish coach Richard Kohn. Kohn left the team in 1933 to escape the Third Reich. President Kurt Landauer, also a Jew, was arrested by the Nazis and imprisoned in a concentration camp for 33 days, only released because he had served a soldier in the first World War.
The loss of its manager and president, and its branding as a ‘Jewish club,’ meant Munich suffered during the years of conflict, and struggled in the regional leagues in the aftermath appointing 13 different coaches.
Since the Bundesliga’s foundation in 1963, with players such as Franz Beckenbauer, Gerd Müller, and Sepp Maier, Bayern began to become a dominant force and from the ’70s onward won 20 league titles and 10 German Cup trophies between 1971 and 2008. They won three consecutive European Cups from 1974 to 1976 and the Champions League again in 2001 and 2013, a treble-winning season.
For 33 years, ‘Der FCB’ played at Munich’s Olympic Stadium and moved to their now iconic Allianz Arena in 2005.
Bayern Munich has the highest club membership in Germany and is among the biggest supported sides in world football. Under manager Pep Guardiola, they have stayed at the apex of German football’s current wave of success.